What is barley?
Where is barley grown in the US?
Is barley grown in other parts of the world?
How much barley is produced in the US?

USDA production figures for barley
How is barley typically used?
Barley information links

What is barley?
Barley is one of the world's oldest cultivated cereal grains. In botanical terms, barley belongs to the Poacea family, the Triticae tribe and the Hordeum genus. All cultivated barley belongs to the Hordeum vulgare L. genus. 

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Where is barley grown in the US?
Barley is a short-season, early maturing crop grown commercially in both irrigated and in dry land environments. Because this grain adapts well to different types of environments, it is grown in many regions throughout the United States. In fact 27 states in the US grow barley to some extent. Major producing states include Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Washington, Colorado, Wyoming, Virginia, Minnesota, Maryland, South Dakota, Oregon and Utah.

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Is barley grown in other parts of the world?
Yes.  Because barley is such a highly adapted cereal grain it can be grown in climates that range from sub-Arctic to subtropical.  The European Union-27 is the largest barley producer followed by Russia and Ukraine.  The U.S. is recognized as the world's seventh largest barley producer.

Source: Agricultural Marketing Resource Center

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How much barley is produced in the US?
In 2011, U.S. producers harvested 2.24 million acres of barley with an average yield of 69.6 bushels per acre.  Total 2011 barleyproduction 155.8 million bushels.  Barley is the third-largest feed grain crop produced in the U.S. after corn and sorghum.

Source: Agricultural Marketing Resouce Center

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How is barley typically used?
Barley is used commercially for animal feed, to produce malt (an important ingredient in beer production), for seed and for human food applications. Approximately 51 percent of the barley crop consumed in the US is used for animal feed. Forty-four percent is used for malt production, 3 percent as seed and 2 percent for food products.
Source: National Barley Growers Association

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Barley information links
We invite you to visit these Web sites to learn more about the barley producers, allied industries and related associations who are responsible for growing, processing and marketing this healthful and versatile cereal grain.

Barley state producer groups
Idaho Barley Commission
Montana Wheat and Barley Committee
North Dakota Barley Council
Oregon Grains Commission
Washington Grain Commission

Barley associations
American Malting Barley Association
National Barley Growers Association
US Grains Council

Barley production and statistics

Agricultural Marketing Resource Center

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